Introducing cannabinoids and their benefits


Introducing cannabinoids and their benefits
Although the best known and most researched cannabinoids are CBD and THC, there are more than 60 types of cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. Some of them are in such low concentrations that they are difficult to detect at all. According to the latest data, scientists distinguish 113 types of cannabinoids. In this article, we will introduce you to four of them:
  • CBD (or cannabidiol): Is one of the cannabinoids found in hemp plant (Cannabis Sativa). This substance has been studied by scientists for its various properties beneficial to human health. By affecting endocannabinoid system, CBD is believed to help regulate the balance of our body and mind.
  • CBG (cannabigerol): Otherwise known as the “mother cannabinoid” because most of the CBG is converted to other cannabinoids as cannabis grows. Reduces inflammation, pain, anxiety, suitable for fighting glaucoma, intestinal diseases.
  • CBC (cannabichromene): Enhances the effects of other cannabinoids. Has anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antibacterial properties, effective in fighting acne.
  • CBN (cannabinol): This is the only cannabinoid that is not derived from CBG. Has calming, depressant, hypnotic, pain-relieving effect.
The interaction between all of these cannacinoids from a cannabis plant come together to enhance their effects, work even more efficiently, this is called - "entourage effect"
Cannabinoids affect the human body by interacting with cannabinoid receptors , which are part of the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system controls daily human functions such as mood, sleep, appetite.
There are two types of cannabinoid receptors in the human body:
CB1 receptors are located throughout the body, but are most abundant in the brain. They help regulate emotions, mood, thinking, memory, appetite, pain, and other functions.
CB2 receptors are responsible for the immune system. They affect inflammation and pain.